Ecommerce Shipping that Delights: How to Make Logistics a Competitive Advantage

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Ecommerce Shipping that Delights: How to Make Logistics a Competitive Advantage

Many online small businesses might aim to start out with a simplistic approach to shipping. They might even believe that their ecommerce platform has everything you need to manage the whole logistics process. 

There is no all-in-one platform for ecommerce that will manage logistics, ERP, CRM, and so many other things. The good news is that starting small is fine — you have to walk before you can run. But when you get to that point, take some time to learn some of the ins and outs of logistics. 

The most successful business owners are using strategic shipping options to differentiate themselves from the competition and increase their profit margins.

After the increase in digital shopping due to the coronavirus outbreak, 51% of retail leaders said they’d be increasing investments in logistics and supply chain, per a report from BigCommerce and Retail Dive from late 2020. 

Of course, while shipping can be a powerful point of differentiation for your brand, you can’t just create a strategy and call it a day. You have to be prepared to execute — both operationally and in terms of pricing strategy.

That requires the coordination of multiple teams, from marketing to fulfillment and many others in between.

Establishing your shipping policy isn’t just about what options you’ll offer. You have to also ensure that everyone involved in the pipeline understands their part in the process.

So let’s look at the absolute must-haves in your shipping strategy, and what you need to know to make it happen.

What is Ecommerce Shipping?

Ecommerce shipping encompasses receiving and processing orders, picking and packing the purchased product at a warehouse, printing shipping labels, and even managing returns.  That might sound simple enough. If you’ve seen a well-run warehouse, it might even look simple. But in fact, all the moving pieces create a level of complexity that depends on the types and sizes of products you sell, to which regions you’ll deliver, the delivery options and shipping speeds you choose to offer and more.

Ecommerce Shipping Process

The ecommerce shipping process encompasses everything from receiving and processing an order to pick, pack and ship it for delivery to the customer’s doorstep. 

Once your business receives the order, you’ll first make sure you have the inventory in stock, then verify the customer’s shipping address and any other pertinent information attached to the order. Finally, the items will be picked, packed and prepared for shipping.

Best Practices to Follow for Ecommerce Shipping

Every person in your organization has a job in relation to making shipping work for your online store. Get them in alignment with you, set a clear strategy and document your SMART (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant and Time-based) goals. 

Then launch! You’ll surely want to make improvements later, but the best way to learn is from experience, so get out there and start garnering feedback from shoppers and customers.

1. Assemble a great team.

To tackle any big challenge, the first step is identifying the right people to help make decisions about your shipping strategy. Who are the stakeholders in this project, and at what level will each be involved? 

Here’s a list to get you thinking: 

  • The marketing team is responsible for communicating to your customers, and they may use shipping promotions like free or flat-rate shipping to bring people to your site or increase order value, or promise expedited shipping speeds for an upcharge.
  • Your web designers and developers ensure customers see the right shipping options surface at the right time — and that the offers are clear to customers from a microcopy and usability standpoint. 
  • The fulfillment team is, of course, very involved in ensuring orders are picked, packed and shipped accurately and on time every time. 

Your customer service team members are perhaps the most important team members of all. Nothing sparks an angry customer call like a missing or delayed delivery. 

Support needs to know how your approach to shipping will affect customers at each stage in the customer lifecycle — especially if it has any impact on product prices — so they can plan to satisfactorily answer customer questions.

2. Set the right goals.

Now that you have your team assembled, define what you want to achieve with your shipping strategy. There are plenty of areas you could focus, but here are some common examples: 

  • Increase conversions by offering shipping options and price rates your ideal customers expect.
  • Increase average order value through promotions like a free shipping threshold or flat rate shipping on certain high-profit items.
  • Expand market or target audience by shipping to new geographies.
  • Decrease costs by investigating alternate shipping services with major carriers.
  • Improve operational efficiency through incremental process improvements and thorough education of fulfillment teams.

Choose the best shipping strategy.

You might be overwhelmed by all the options at first, but don’t worry — we’ll break them down one by one.

Successful online stores implement several of these shipping methods into a complete strategy that works for their unique business. 

Free in-store pickup.

If you have a number of brick-and-mortar locations or a very strong local business, offering free in-store pickup could be a win-win for you and your customers. 

Benefits:

  • Customers can skip the wait for, and the cost of, delivery. 
  • Your online business can skip the weight of one more package.

Live rates.

Getting live rates in real time directly from carriers like UPS, FedEx or DHL will often get you the best possible rates while still covering your shipping costs. It’s difficult to use this approach as a promotional tool, because the rates may vary significantly. 

Benefits

  • You’re ensuring the cheapest possible shipping option by charging exactly what the carrier would charge you.
  • For lightweight orders or customers located near your warehouses, you can often offer significantly cheaper shipping than your competition while still covering costs.

Same-day delivery.

Same-day delivery is exactly what it sounds like — but it’s a lot harder to achieve than it is to define. Successfully serving your customers with same-day delivery requires a seriously smooth logistics operation and plenty of resources. 

Benefits

  • Stand out from the crowd with the fastest delivery time and you’ll increase your conversion rate. 
  • Those higher conversions — and the reputation you’ll build with same-day options — could very well lead to increased revenue.

But unless you’re only doing local business, this shouldn’t be your first go-to strategy. You have to walk before you can run! A slightly easier goal to achieve could be two-day or overnight shipping.

“We’ve seen two-day and next-day delivery transform merchants’ websites in terms of ads efficiency, customer lifetime value and average order size,” said Michael Krakaris, co-founder at BigCommerce fulfillment partner Deliverr.

Free shipping.

Free shipping has become, for many consumers, an expectation after becoming spoiled by Amazon Prime. 

Benefits:

  • It’s easy to explain to customers
  • It aligns with customer expectations 
  • It positively impacts conversion rates for customers who make it to your checkout funnel. 

But, while free shipping is free to your customers, it’s not free for you. You still have to pay the carrier and make sure your margins are high enough to cover the associated costs. Even if you’re making more sales, you’re not getting ahead if you’re losing money on each one.

Flat rate and table rate shipping.

Using a flat rate or table rate can be a customer-friendly way to avoid some of the challenges of free shipping. 

An example of flat rate shipping would be charging, say, $10 for shipping, regardless of the customer’s product selection or order value. 

Table rate shipping refines the flat rate strategy. Here’s an example: A merchant with a warehouse in New York City might charge customers near the city one flat rate, with rates getting increasingly higher, the farther the destination from the fulfillment center. 

Another way to do this is based on order subtotal — for instance, charging $10 for up to $50, $5 for orders between $50-100, and free for over $100. You could set these rates by groups of products or order weight, too. You’ll just have to run some calculations and see what works best for your business, then try it and see if the customers like it, too. 

Mixed and alternative strategies.

Picking one of these strategies that you know will work with your bottom line would get you started, but it’s often worth mixing and matching them for your own holistic, unique approach. 

This allows you to balance your revenue needs with promotional opportunities. For example, you could offer free standard shipping alongside other options like expedited shipping at table rates based on order value. 

Here are a few common combinations:

Standard + expedited shipping gives you the opportunity to upsell on shipping by showing the estimated time in transit for customers that need fast delivery. 

Free standard + expedited shipping: free shipping brings customers in and drives them to check out. Show expedited shipping to entice them to pay for a faster delivery.  Standard shipping + in-store pickup + same-day delivery: Local customers love in-store pickup and same day delivery. For non-locals, you can still give them a great standard rate.

3 Important Shipping Conderations

Offering your customers the right shipping rates and options is crucial to long-term success as a retailer. It can feel like walking a tightrope between losing a customer if you charge too much or losing your shirt if you charge too little. But it’s not just about pricing. Offering the right shipping options at the right times can help reduce cart abandonment and increase revenue.

  1. Calculating shipping costs. 
  2. Ecommerce packaging options. 
  3. How to track shipments and returns.

Calculating Ecommerce Shipping Costs

Before you select a shipping strategy or decide how much it should cost your customers, you need to understand how much shipping will cost you.

1. Package size and weight.

If your products are relatively uniform across your store, going with a per-item, zone-based approach, where the shipping price varies by customer location and not product size or weight, might work well. This is also a great place to build easy-to-understand promotions like $10 shipping per order, $5 shipping per item or even free shipping over $50.

If you sell particularly large products, or those that don’t lend themselves to the typical rectangular box (like the ones we see so frequently from Amazon). Getting rates directly from a carrier like UPS, DHL or others is a great way to ensure you’re offering the best rates to customers. 

The important thing to focus on here is making sure your products have accurate weights and dimensions so that the rate you get back from a carrier is as accurate as possible.  To do this, break your products into groups and focus on getting weights and dimensions for the heaviest or largest 20% and the smallest or lightest 20%.

2. Origin country and destination.

Do you sell to customers in Canada? What about the UK or Australia? If so, do you have warehouses there, or do you fulfill all your orders from the U.S.? Or maybe you’re in the UK or Australia, shipping products to America. 

Whatever your situation, it will have an impact on the best shipping strategy for your ecommerce store. 

If you’re only shipping domestically, it can be pretty simple. Flat-rate or free shipping options tend to work well, as it’s not as expensive for you to ship within the U.S. 

If you want something a bit more nuanced, however, you can also set rates by zones. For example, if you’re located in Austin, Texas, you might want to offer a cheaper rate for nearby areas, increasing the rates as you radiate out from there.

Shipping internationally normally necessitates getting a rate straight from the carrier, like U.S. Postal Service, DHL or others. Rates can vary significantly even in neighboring countries, and it’s difficult to build your own rates for these scenarios.

Ecommerce Packaging Options

While not every business needs to ship products in the kind of package that ends up in one of the many unboxing videos on YouTube, the way your shipment presents itself at your customer’s front door is a concrete representation of your brand. That means you need to take a few things into consideration.

1. Choosing your packaging.

When you’re choosing the packaging you’ll use, consider things like the fragility of the items, how the components packed inside will settle or move around, and how the package will be opened. Fragile products will need extra padding in the packages, and there are still more specific considerations if you’re shipping temperature-sensitive or perishable items.

2. Custom packaging.

Custom packaging can really set you apart from your competitors and give shoppers a more memorable unboxing experience. And it doesn’t have to be dramatic. Maybe your packaging materials are customized with your logo, or you use a branded sticker to wrap the products in a nice tissue paper.

3. Eco-friendly packaging.

Ecommerce has been a boon for the world in so many ways, giving people access to more and more opportunities — but all that shipping does have the potential to create a lot of waste. Consider whether you can incorporate some eco-friendly elements, like biodegradable packaging filler or compostable mailers. This will be especially important if eco-friendliness is a value of your brand.

How to Track Ecommerce Shipments and Returns

When you hear “shipping,” you may only picture the process as far as getting the package to a shipping carrier. But the shipping process — especially when it comes to customer satisfaction — is so much more than that. 

You have to be able to offer a positive customer experience all the way from purchase to order fulfillment through to shipping and delivery — and, if necessary, returns.

1. Order management.

Order management refers to receiving, processing and order fulfillment. With a strong order management system, whether it’s embedded in your shipping software or not, you can reduce inventory issues, fulfill items in a timely manner and minimize errors. That order management system acts to put all your critical data in one place, so you can streamline your back-office operations and make data-driven business decisions.

2. Why tracking packages is a must.

It’s not just essential that you know where your shipments are at all times — customers want to know, too. Give them a tracking number so they can follow their shipment and receive updates on delivery times. That helps set expectations, and customers will appreciate your team’s clear communication.

3. Determine your return policy.

You want customers to be satisfied with their purchase from your store every time, but the fact is, some products are always going to be a challenge — think anything related to sizes and colors that may appear different than they rendered on a computer screen. And sometimes, customer returns just can’t be avoided. 

A CivicScience report from 2020 found that the top three biggest pain points for consumers who return online purchases are:

  1. Paying to ship items back to the store
  2. Dropping the package at a mail facility
  3. Lacking an easy way to make an exchange

The good news is that a returns process that leaves your customers satisfied is a win in your favor. They’ll remember your high-quality service the next time they need to order a similar product. If you’re concerned about the returns process, find a great logistics partner to help you create your strategy at scale.

Free Shipping: The Ultimate Question

Free shipping is a bit like the holy grail in the online commerce business. Just look at the success of Amazon Prime. Subsidizing shipping costs can be rewarding if you do a high volume of shipments and it leads to new customer acquisitions and greater loyalty.

But there are risks to your bottom line if you’re not careful to price products in a way that maintains comfortable margins. Offering free shipping isn’t just like checking a box on a website — there are a lot of moving pieces to coordinate and pay for. 

That’s why it simply doesn’t make sense for all businesses.

As a merchant, carefully evaluate your market sector and your competition. You might not need to offer free shipping to be competitive in your space — or it might not be cost effective if the cost of shipping to you outweighs your margins on the item.

If you’re serious about offering free shipping, you can consider limiting the geographic regions you apply it to. 

You could also offer free shipping but give customers the option to pay a surcharge for expedited delivery. There will be a segment of customers that will pay extra to get their goods delivered faster — and the surcharge can help offset the free shipping you’re offering to other customers.

Another option is to set a threshold to qualify for free shipping or test promotions to see if offering it at certain times increases sales.

A Quick + Easy Outline to an International Shipping Strategy

With cross-border commerce growing and ecommerce penetration expanding even in developing countries, you may find you’d like to participate in this vibrant international market. 

However, many online stores find shipping internationally a nearly impossible feat, given the rules, regulations and risks associated — which are often different for each country. That’s why it’s important to understand your shipping options and fulfillment services and identify which provide the lowest cost and mitigate risk.

Here are the things you need to think about before launching international shipping: 

  • Are your products suitable to be shipped internationally?
  • Is there demand for your products in your target region? 
  • Which shipping services can you use? 
  • Are you informed about tariffs, duties and taxes? 
  • Have you investigated the restrictions your target region may have in place?

Ready to Start Shipping: Implementation & Analysis

With the right team in place, your goals clearly defined and your approach determined, it’s time to implement your ecommerce shipping strategy. 

Each team member should be clear on their responsibilities: 

  • Ensure your marketing team is ready to communicate your shipping approach to customers and shoppers.
  • Have the web design or development team set up your site to offer new options.
  • Get the fulfillment team ready to make use of those new options, making sure they know the fulfillment process around each option you’re offering.
  • Educate your customer service team on the benefits of each available shipping option.

Shipping Solutions for Ecommerce Businesses

You aren’t alone when it comes to shipping hassles — or the challenge of finding the right solutions. There are businesses out there that dedicate their entire staff to helping you figure out how to ship faster and more affordably — and many of them partner with leading ecommerce platforms like BigCommerce and Shopify.

Each solution helps with a variety of things, but most offer: 

  • On-demand shipping label printing
  • Multi-warehouse pick, pack and ship rules
  • Packaging and label customization and branding

Here are a few of the top ecommerce shipping solutions:

Executive Summary

Once your new shipping approach is live, make it the responsibility of each team to report on how well things are going for them. You should be ready to iterate when the time comes, but let the strategy play out for a little bit so you have enough data to know what to fix.

Often, a new approach will take some time to nail down. So, if you have the evidence to back up your changes, be prepared to stick with it and make some adjustments as you go. 

As you master your shipping approach, it becomes less the ‘last step’ in a customer transaction and instead just one stop along the journey of an entire customer lifecycle.

Ecommerce Shipping FAQs

How do I know if I’m ready to ship cross-border?

Given the rules, regulations and risks associated — which are often different for each country — it’s important to understand your shipping options and fulfillment services and identify which provide the lowest cost and mitigate risk.

Here are the things you need to think about before launching international shipping: 

  • Are your products suitable to be shipped internationally?
  • Is there demand for your products in your target region? 
  • Which shipping services can you use? 
  • Are you informed about tariffs, duties and taxes? 
  • Have you investigated the restrictions your target region may have in place?
Why are cross-functional team stakeholders so important to the process?

When you’re implementing a new shipping approach — or any new strategic approach — you need leaders across your organization to not only back you, but be ready to do their part to bring the vision to life. Shipping and fulfillment isn’t just back-office; it’s customer facing. And you’ll need marketing, customer service, and of course anyone in your fulfillment team all on the same page.

What are some ways I can distinguish my brand through my shipping strategy?
    • Have excellent communications around where customers’ packages are and when they’ll arrive. 
    • Be proactive about those communications — don’t wait until they call you. 
    • Use packaging that reinforces your brand, whether that’s your logo on the box, branded tissue paper inside, or eco-friendly packaging that aligns with sustainably-minded organizations.
    VIEW MORE
    What are the three most important shipping considerations?
      1. Calculating shipping costs. 
      2. Ecommerce packaging options. 
      3. How to track shipments and returns.
      How should I choose a shipping service for my business?

      Each solution helps with a variety of things, but most offer: 

      • On-demand shipping label printing
      • Multi-warehouse pick, pack and ship rules
      • Packaging and label customization and branding

      There are plenty of options out there to support you, integrating directly into your ecommerce platform to make the whole process a breeze.

      VIEW LESS

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